A Guide To Paraphrasing In Research Papers Apa Ama Wordvice Be An Example Quotes Being Used Quotations.
According the MLA after you create a paraphrase you should include an in-text citation with the paraphrase. In addition to the short in-text citation a full reference should be included in your Works Cited page. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material.
When quoting place quotation marks around the selected passage to show where the quote begins and where it ends. Make sure to include an in-text citation. Paraphrasing is used to show that you understand what the author wrote.
Kafka describes the insecurities of his youth analyzing his social shortcomings in school and his rocky relationship with his father 44-46. In-Text Citations Whenever you paraphrase a sentence or idea from a source include an in-text citation. This is a parenthetical including the name of the sources author s and the year the source is written.
You must reword the passage expressing the ideas in your own words and not just change a few words here and there. To ensure that you arent plagiarizing you need to give credit to the creators of the original ideas every single time you use them. This can be achieved by quoting or paraphrasing those ideas and then citing the original source.
The format of the page number depends on if the information is on a single page or range of pages. Examples of Citing Paraphrased Information at the Beginning of a Sentence. In APA format the information in a parenthetical citation is the authors last name a comma and the year of publication.
You need to make sure that you dont copy the original authors style or wording. Even if you have a citation such borrowing would be considered plagiarism. Paraphrases should sound like you using vocabulary and sentence structures that your reader would recognize as your work.
You can create a parenthetical citation or a narrative citation to accomplish this. All in-text citations will also need a corresponding APA reference in the APA reference list. If you are paraphrasing an idea from another work you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference and may omit the page numbers.
Paraphrasing is often used because it is easier to integrate into the text of a paper. Remember though you must still cite your source using author name and page number. Author Incorporated into Text.
If the authors last name and the date were given at the beginning of the paraphrase they do not have to be repeated at the end. A page number is optional for a paraphrase but it is a good idea. Paraphrased material must be cited.
List the page numbers you are paraphrasing and then close your citation with a parenthetical mark. For multiple pages use a hyphen between the numbers. Paraphrasing can be tricky.
Paraphrasing is an alternative to quoting where you copy someones exact words and put them in quotation marks. In academic writing its usually better to paraphrase instead of quoting because it shows that you have understood the source and makes your work more original. Every time you paraphrase its important to cite the source.
For example consider this sentence paraphrasing and citing an authors description of medieval helmets. When citing paraphrased information APA requires you to include the author and date. It is also recommended but not required that you include the page number.
Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlbys studies Hunt 1993. In the context of source citing paraphrasing is defined as a way of using text in your writing without directly quoting it but by still indicating where exactly or who exactly you borrowed this date from. Even though you are putting a paraphrase into your own words APA requires an in-text citation for paraphrasing.
At the top of the note card write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase. Check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form. Paraphrasing When you write information from a source in your own words cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion as follows.
A paraphrase may continue for several sentences. In such cases cite the work being paraphrased on first mention. Once the work has been cited it is not necessary to repeat the citation as long as the context of the writing makes it clear that the same work continues to be paraphrased.
APA guidelines however do encourage including a page range for a summary or paraphrase when it will help the reader find the information in a longer work. Position your citation at the end of your paraphrase but before the period. List the last name of the author after an open parenthetical mark.
A paraphrased statement generally is cited the same way a direct quote would be. The in-text citation directs your readers to the reference list at the end of your paper which provides a more detailed description of the source material used. How to add an MLA in-text citation In order to give credit for ideas that are not yours citing is key.
Even though paraphrasing means that you are restating information in your own words you must give credit to the original source of the information. Citations for paraphrased material should always include both the author and the year. In-text citation can be placed within the sentence or at the end.
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