Apa 6th Edition Paraphrasing Examples Quoting Website Purdue Be An Example Quotes Block Text.
This is a parenthetical including the name of the sources author s and the year the source is written. For example consider this sentence paraphrasing and citing an authors description of medieval helmets. 6 Steps to Effective Paraphrasing.
Simply including one citation at the end of a paragraph is NOT APA compliant. The reader cannot know with one citation which ideas are yours and which are from the article. In order to construct a paraphrase you need to include the same information but with different sentence structure and different vocabulary.
When citing a website but the text is long you can instead use section headings paragraph numbers or a combination of the two. Caulfield 2019 Linking section para.
Whenever you paraphrase material in APA format you must place an in-text citation in your paper noting the source you paraphrased. An in-text citation is closed in parentheses and contains the last name of the sources author and the year the source was published. To determine how to cite in a summary remember the purpose of citing sources.
The APA requires a paraphrase to include the authors last name and the works year of publication but also suggests that the page number of the original text be included. Lets look at an example of a cited paraphrase. If you are paraphrasing an idea from another work you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference and may omit the page numbers.
APA guidelines however do encourage including a page range for a summary or paraphrase when it will help the reader find the information in a longer work. The APA Style Blog in their post Citing Paraphrased Work in APA Style suggests several different acceptable approaches one of which is to make it clear that the entire paragraph refers to the same article by repeating the authors name andor using the appropriate heshe pronoun in the paragraph. Sum up the main idea s of the authors argument using your own words and sentence structure.
Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning. Set the original aside and write your paraphrase on a note card. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material.
There are many ways to paraphrase material. Here are more examples and some advice. How to Cite Material Without Page Numbers.
This is usually preferable to direct quotes because the information is written in your own style but you must be careful not to change the meaning. When paraphrasing you must still acknowledge where you got the idea from by including a parenthetical citation. Charges of plagiarism can be avoided by including the proper citation of the work you are drawing from in your paraphrase.
American Psychological Association APA style uses an author-date format for parenthetical citations in the body of your paper. The Chicago style accepts 2 different methods of in-text citation. You may either use the author-date format similar to APA style or you may have footnotes and a bibliography.
Do not add a period after the closing parenthesis in either case. In APA Style cite your sources by putting the information about the source in parentheses at the end of a sentence or in the text of your paper as opposed to a footnote where the source information is at the bottom of the page or an endnote where it goes at the end of your paper. Tips on Paraphrasing Paraphrasing can be tricky.
Clearly establishing where the information and ideas you include in your writing comes from. Per APA 7 an option is to cite once in the sentence in which the summary or paraphrase begins and as long as there is some indication that the following information is also. Either a cite the source in parentheses after the quotations final punctuation or b cite the author and year in the narrative before the quotation and place only the page number in parentheses after the quotations final punctuation.
If the cited material does not have page numbers such as may occur with some e-books and you need them for an in-text citation use any of the following location information instead. A paragraph number if provided. Alternatively you can count paragraphs down from.
Kirks paragraph in his own words but has clearly indicated that the idea comes from her work and has included the citation information using APA style. When you quote or paraphrase a specific passage from a source you need to indicate the location of the passage in your in-text citation. If there are no page numbers eg.
Long Paraphrases A paraphrase may continue for several sentences. In such cases cite the work being paraphrased on first mention. Once the work has been cited it is not necessary to repeat the citation as long as the context of the writing makes it clear that the same work continues to be paraphrased.
When you write information from a source in your own words cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion as follows. Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlbys studies Hunt 1993. When you paraphrase you use your own words.
APA rules say that a paraphrase should be approximately the same length as the original. You also need to add contextual text around the paraphrase so it fits within your paper. Whenever you paraphrase a sentence or idea from a source include an in-text citation.
This can be achieved by quoting or paraphrasing those ideas and then citing the original source. Paraphrasing and Summarizing Author. Heather McWhinney Student Learning Services.
You need to make sure that you dont copy the original authors style or wording. Even if you have a citation such borrowing would be considered plagiarism. Paraphrases should sound like you using vocabulary and sentence structures that your reader would recognize as your work.
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